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    However, for our parents and children it is always a case of the grass being greener on the other side. Refusing to settle for second best, they all want to get into elite universities. (337)



    All achievements, no matter how big, have historical limits, and the "I told you so" attitude gets us nowhere. (87)



    Mergers between a strong university and a weak one also pose problems. Under the "better to be the head of an ass than the tail of a horse" mentality, the mere thought of being "annexed" could put the leaders of a weak university on tenterhooks. (82)



    Zhou: Don't pull such a long face. After all, it's your wedding day; nothing is big enough to spoil that for you.


    Juexin: There is nothing, nothing the matter with me.


    Zhou: Take things easy. It's not the end of the world. Everything in life has a destination, and marriage and progeny is one of them.



    5) Perseverance. Dogged perseverance is called for in whatever you do or study, and foreign language is no exception. You will accomplish nothing if you work in fits and starts. (353)例6周氏:对呀,就是有人讲,世上哪有这么便宜的事啊?(家128)

    Zhou: That's it. That's why people say, it's too good to be true.






    All's well that begins well. (77)

    莎士比亚写过一个剧本,叫做All's Well That Ends Well,用得多了便成了一句谚语。这里换了一个词,把ends改为begins,作为一个标题,实在巧妙。



    As the saying goes, "The first step is the hardest." (77)



    As the old Chinese saying goes, "It takes ten years to grow a tree, a hundred years to cultivate talent." This means that the cultivation of able people is an enduring and fundamental cause that is far more important and difficult than growing trees. (238)



    As an old Chinese saying goes, "Blue comes from indigo but is bluer than the plant itself; ice comes from water but is colder." (149)



    Going to college isn't the only way out because, as the saying goes, each and every profession produces its top experts.(339)



    As "in the Changjiang River the waves behind drive on those before", so in scientific research young people often surpass their elders, and our old comrades should be glad to help their juniors catch up with them. (69)



    Shi Wenxiang, a Song-dynasty poet, wasn't really famous but his poem "Passing Tiao Bridge" contains two lines that justify his broad vision and philosophical wisdom:

    Upon seeing the waves behind stir the waves in front,

    Only then aware new people have replaced the old. (159)



    International competition is intense. As we row against the current, we must make headway or we'll be driven back—we simply cannot afford to rest on our oars. (221)



    We must be clear about this question. If we fail to analyse it properly and to understand it correctly, we shall become overcautious, not daring to emancipate our minds and act freely. Consequently, we shall lose opportunities. Like a boat sailing against the current, we must forge ahead or be swept downstream. (365)



    In the beginning some people maintained that ten years were needed to establish a new curriculum for basic education, from experimental work to implementation. I said the dish could turn cold in ten years, and we could not afford to wait for so long. (344)



    We should teach them not only how to do things but also how to get along with and work with other people. They are not supposed to go it alone; only with team spirit can they amount to something, and make even greater achievements. (332)



    This professor kept coming up with new concepts and new research projects, which yielded some results, but he couldn't wait for his earlier results to be converted into products and reach the market before he' d start developing new ones. Just like a clumsy bear greedily picking corn ears, getting one and losing another, the professor accomplished little commercially. (198)



    The strong universities in a merger were apprehensive about a possible drop in teaching quality while the weak ones were afraid of being "swallowed up" by the strong. Things were even tougher if a proposed merger contained two strong schools, because, as the saying goes, "One mountain cannot hold two tigers." (78)



    Why is it that we are now in a position to launch reform in the cities or, as we say, to dare "touch the tiger's rump"? (104)


    中国不是有一个“过五关斩六将”的关公的故事吗?(DⅢ262)In ancient China there was a story about Guangong [a famous third-century warrior of the Shu Han Kingdom], who fought his way through five passes and killed six enemy generals. (257)



    At the same time, we should base our work on the possible emergence of serious problems and prepare for them. In this way, even if the worst should happen, the sky will not fall. (262)



    Juexin: [takes out the note and reads] "Elder Brother, I am leaving. Everyone has to conquer life for himself. You should have confidence and take on the world as a man. Nothing is ever too late, what you need is courage, courage and more courage!”



    Juexin: "The mouth is for speaking."


    Keming: Nonsense! You tell him this from me, the mouth is for eating! And nothing else! As the saying goes, "Disease enters by the mouth, whereas trouble comes out of it."



    The adages that "herbal remedies came about because the Divine Peasant tasted a hundred herbs" and that "medicine and food came from the same source" are succinct summaries of the origin of traditional Chinese pharmacology. (181)

    以上诸例中的谚语是用直译的方法翻译的,也就是说,保留了原文的词语和形象。个别地方有一点灵活性,如例11“三百六十行”译作each and every profession,例16“黄花菜”译作the dish,但这并不影响全句的形象。因此翻译谚语,如果不是采用相对应的英语谚语,便是用接近原文的直译,而不采取翻译成语使用的第三种办法:意译。这是因为成语在译文中往往用作修饰语或动词短语,可以不顾原文的词语和形象,而压缩成很短的短语。而谚语往往是有主语和谓语的完整句子,即使不是完整的句子,也会前后呼应,形成完整的思想。因此,翻译谚语就不得不尽量贴近原文才能把原文的意思充分翻译出来。





    We stress the rejuvenation of the nation through science and education, but the purpose cannot be served by just any kind of education. Can education based on the imperial civil examination system rejuvenate the nation? Can unbalanced elite education rejuvenate the nation? No. Only character education can thoroughly raise the quality of the workforce and rejuvenate the nation. (306)



    "switching the mode of training professionals from examination-oriented education to all-round character education" (302)



    Say no to 'academic inbreeding' and seniority-based pecking order (156)



    On this issue, I want to call particular attention to three problems. One is "inbreeding”. The second is a pecking order predicated on seniority. The third is lifelong tenure for professional positions and academic titles. (156)



    That "inbreeding" puts development of our universities in jeopardy is clear to all, and I needn't waste my breath on it. (157)



    I make a point of keeping the alarm bells ringing. I must do something about problems concerning school safety. (363)



    The unhealthy tendency among scholars to disparage one another is nothing new, and is a bane to academic success, scientific and technological development, and social progress. …We must eradicate this trend and replace it with fellowship among scholars. (332)



    The most fundamental cause of heavy workload is shortfalls in higher education and vocational education resources that give rise to the phenomenon of hundreds of thousands of people jostling across the one-lane bridge of university entrance exams. However, this problem cannot be solved overnight. (340)



    In the past, excelling in book knowledge and imperial exams was the only road to officialdom; in modern times, students jostle to pass university entrance examinations because college education is the best route to a good future. (337)



    "No matter how poor we are, we must not let poverty affect education; no matter how broke we are, we must not let our children suffer." (240-241)



    On no account should we turn innocent and lively children into "bespectacled kids" and "little bookworms." (292)



    That incident was one of many that prompted me to remind people again and again how "life is a matter of such utmost importance, we should always put safety first." (256)



    In some places, the higher authorities have their policies, and the localities have countermeasures to neutralize the effect of these policies. They go their own way, ignoring whatever others may say, or even go so far as to distort government policies or take a perfunctory attitude toward them. (339)



    "We come from a family with too many children," an educator from one such university was heard saying helplessly, "so if there's just one bowl of rice, it has to be shared by many mouths—all we can do is try to survive." (70)



    The hi-tech enterprises run by our universities are doing a tremendous job in converting the results of research into real productive forces. But these enterprises must learn how to swim in the "economic sea" and become real players in the market. That means they all need to introduce the modern enterprise system, the legal-person governance structure, and the joint-stock system. (203)



    Making empty talk is harmful to the nation, while doing practical work can help it thrive.



    Nowadays, everyone is talking about the China Dream. In my view, realizing the great renewal of the Chinese nation is the Chinese nation's greatest dream in modern history.



    China is faced with numerous difficulties and challenges on its road to development. It called for long-term, arduous efforts to realize the Chinese dream of great renewal of the Chinese nation.



    The Chinese dream will not only benefit the 1.3 billion Chinese people, but also contribute to peace, stability and prosperity in Asia Pacific and beyond.

    最后三例,原文都提到“中国梦”。前二例未加引号,第三例用了引号,加以强调。译文也不统一,有the China Dream,也有the Chinese dream。Dream一词,也有的大写,有的不大写。看来,这些译法都可以,意思是一样的。在外国人写的文章里也是这样,甚至在同一篇文章里,两种说法交替出现。也许只是为了避免重复,变换说法而已。




    The spirit of the times we are advocating—such as emancipating the mind, seeking truth from facts, keeping up with the times, being boldly innovative, persevering in the face of difficulties, pressing ahead with tenacity, working hard, being pragmatic, refraining from pursuing fame and wealth, and being compassionate and dedicated to the people—can be traced to the same origin: Chinese traditions and values. (323)



    Throughout the course of China's feudal history, notions such as "to be a scholar is to be at the top of society; all other careers are inferior," "the ten-year toil of a scholar boils down to the moment his name is found on the honor roll of the imperial examination" and "book learning eventually lands a scholar in a golden house with beautiful wives" have been deeply ingrained in the minds of generation after generation of people. Stories about diligent students—such as Su Qin of the Warring States Period (475-221 BC) who prodded his thigh with the point of an awl, Sun Jin of the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-25 AD) who tied his hair to a roof beam to dispel drowsiness, Kuang Heng of the Western Han Dynasty who dug a hole in the wall to divert lamplight from next door in order to be able to keep reading, Sun Kang of the Jin Dynasty (265-420) who read books by snow-reflected moonlight in winter, Che Yin of the Jin Dynasty who read by the glow of bagged fireflies in summer, Gu Huan of the Qi Dynasty (479-502) who read through the night by the light of burning rice husks, and similar stories—have been passed down from antiquity. (336-337)



    Virtually all the fine values we need to advocate today can be traced back to our ancient traditions, such as: (321)



    Ways of self-cultivation, such as being just-minded and selfless, abhorring evil, being honest and trustworthy, avoiding empty talk, guarding against extravagance, nipping erroneous ideas in the bud, conducting self-examination constantly; Being open-minded, tolerant, composed, kind, courteous, restrained and magnanimous; (321)



    The spirit to devote oneself to one's work and get along with colleagues, and put public interest before everything else;(321)



    Patriotic sentiments such as the belief that everyone is responsible for the fate of their country; (321-322)



    The ideal of "being the first to bear hardships and the last to enjoy comforts"; (322)



    The daring spirit to make unremitting efforts to improve oneself, and to persevere; (322)



    The noble spirit of "being immune to the temptation of wealth and rank, not shaking one's determination and compromising one's integrity under straitened and humble circumstances, and being unyielding in the face of high-handed pressure"; (322)



    The grace of a loyal civil servant's belief that "now that I am ready to lay down my life for the interests of the country, how can I avoid danger in perilous times and seek fame and gain in peaceful times?" The determination that "I must exert myself to the utmost to fulfill my duties until death takes me"; (322)



    The belief that great virtue carries happiness with it and the resolve to be broadminded and dedicated to the prosperity of the nation; (322)



    The heroic spirit of advancing regardless of one's safety and laying down one's life for a noble cause; (322)



    The social ideal that "when the grand course is pursued, a public and common spirit will rule all under the sky"; The aspiration "to take transforming the world as one's own mission"; (322)



    And social ethics such as "do not do unto others what you would not have them do unto you," "take care of one's own aged parents first and then extend the same care to elders in general; take care of one's own children first and then extend the same care to others' children." (322)


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